New PDF release: 1.55um Wavelength Operation of E(3+,r)-Doped Optical Fiber

By Song Q., Zhang Y.

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Stein HJ, Liebermann-Meffert D, DeMeester TR, et al. Three-dimensional pressure image and muscular structure of the lower esophageal sphincter. Surgery. 1995;117(6):692–8. 3. Vegesna AK, Sloan JA, Singh B, et al. Characterization of the distalesophagus high-pressure zone with manometry, ultrasound and micro-computed tomography. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2013;25(1):53–60. 4. Lerche W. The muscular coat of the esophagus and its defects. 1936;6(1): 1–19. Chapter 6 Tunnel Technique for Digestive Mucosal Lesions Abstract The tunnel technique develops rapidly, and promising results have been shown in clinical studies and animal experiments.

3e–g): Seal the incision from the distal to the proximal end with hemostatic clips. The interval between each two adjacent clips should be about 2–3 mm and the clips should rich reach the depth of the lower mucosal tissue. Indications of the longitudinal incision: lesions of or outside the muscularis propria. 2 Transverse Incision The transverse incision is firstly clinically reported by Linghu et al. [1]. 5 cm. The procedure of performing the transverse incision: (1) Choose the site for incision (Fig.

3g), while in some patients the vessels present like string-of-beads (Fig. 3h). At the gastric cardia or below, the inner muscle layer is composed of the sling muscle fibers on the greater curvature of the stomach and the clasp muscle fibers on the lesser curvature, which are recognized as components of LES (lower esophageal sphincter). The thickened sling muscle fibers extend from the greater curvature to the front or posterior wall of stomach and turn thinner gradually just like a sling. The clasp muscle fibers appear as a thin semicircular muscle group bridging two sides of the sling muscle [1–3] (Fig.

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1.55um Wavelength Operation of E(3+,r)-Doped Optical Fiber Bistability by Song Q., Zhang Y.


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