By Hellenthal, Anneke Christine
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Additional info for A Grammar of Sheko (Omotic)
He obtained permission from the wäräda administration to join Qes Pexros, Defera and myself for a six-week tone workshop in Addis Abeba, organised by SIL in June-July 2008, during which we (finally) nailed down most of the tone system. We concentrated on the noun, noun phrase, verb paradigms and simple sentences. We also gained basic knowledge of tone in medial and subordinate clauses; tone in relative clauses is based more on extrapolation. I hope future research will refine the present tone analysis.
In relative clauses, a resumptive pronoun may be present. The resumptive pronoun can occur before its antecedent, which is claimed to be rare cross-lingustically (Keenan 1985:148-149). In possessive 38 constructions, juxtaposed and case-marked noun phrases are employed to signal (in)alienability. In the verb system, modal distinctions in main clauses include Imperative-Jussive (unmarked), Optative, Realis, Irrealis, Obvious and Implicative. Furthermore, negative and interrogative clauses have their own marking.
M-árá eat-NEG ‘Don’t eatǃ’ (79) a. [ʔ 1SG=eat-exist-REAL k] *[ ʔ k] kʼé-ə remain-STI m-â eat-INF ‘to eat/eating’ In my data: tsʼyākn̄ ‘ashes’; ākā (vocative ákǹ) ‘grandfather’; ʃikʼ ‘be short’; um/ m– ‘eat’, byārn̄ ‘tomorrow’; hāʂkn̄ ‘be wide’; ōrkʼǹ ‘peelings’ (gōpʼārà ‘bark’); kūbm̄ ‘four’; ʂúb ‘die’; tʃʼír–ń–s ‘green’ (tʃʼír ‘be wet, unripe, fresh (maize)’). e. a verb root plus nominal suffixes. 2.
A Grammar of Sheko (Omotic) by Hellenthal, Anneke Christine