Get African Economic Outlook, 2003 2004 PDF

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

ISBN-10: 9264016244

ISBN-13: 9789264016248

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Separating the integrated structure of the incumbent power utility into generation, transmission and distribution companies (vertical unbundling) and/or into smaller district or provincial utilities (horizontal unbundling). Separating distribution from the rest of the industry allows the charging of appropriate tariffs which are essential if the sector’s performance is to be turned around; • Promoting the transfer of ownership, starting from corporatisation, leading to liberalisation in Regarding the setting up of a proper regulatory framework, only South Africa, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire have managed to establish autonomous regulatory agencies as a result of a transparent and objective appointment process.

For example, Sahel countries have developed a comparative advantage in cotton production but the cost and poor quality of energy supplies prevents them using it to profitably specialise in spinning, which needs a lot of electricity. Energy and effectiveness of government intervention Better energy supply allows governments to provide more and cheaper education, health and communications. Their job of ensuring public safety is also made much easier with street lighting. © AfDB/OECD 2004 Overview Figure 12 - Matrix of the Links between Energy and Development Energy contributes to improving people’s lives - Fighting hunger - Promoting education - Improving sanitary conditions - Gender equality Improving people’s participation in governance Improving the quality and quantity of human capital Better targeting of policies Raising people’s standards of living Energy contributes to the development of economic activity Energy contributes to the efficiency of public intervention - Improvement of the productive environment (transport, communications) - Improvement of factor productivity - Extension of working hours - Diversification of the economy - Increased employment - Improvement of information exchange - Improvement of the socio-economic environment and regional stability - Reinforcement of democracy - Rationalisation of public expenditure Improvement of the business environment Formalisation of the economy Source: Authors.

Algeria is the continent’s main producer (and the world’s second biggest) and Nigeria is only ninth, behind Egypt and Libya, because half its production is burned off. 6 per cent of world coal reserves in 1999, 90 per cent of it in South Africa, African Economic Outlook according to the WEC. 6), but is the third biggest exporter. The only other African countries with significant coal reserves are Botswana and Zimbabwe. There is virtually no nuclear energy in Africa and in 2002 South Africa was the only producer (7 per cent of the country’s energy output).

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African Economic Outlook, 2003 2004 by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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