By Carlo Natali
A extraordinary overseas staff of students less than the editorship of Carlo Natali have collaborated to provide a scientific, chapter-by-chapter examine of 1 of the main influential texts within the heritage of ethical philosophy. The 7th ebook of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics discusses weak spot of will in its first ten chapters, then turns within the final 4 chapters to excitement and its relation to the excellent human strong.
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Extra info for Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII: Symposium Aristotelicum (Bk. 7)
But it is not just my present experience that is mine in this strong sense. My past experiences and my future hopes are mine also and they structure my experience of the present. My awareness of my experiences does not just have an epistemological significance in that it gives me 30 LIFE, DEATH, AND SUBJECTIVITY access to my own inner life. It also has an existential importance in that it gives my experiences a significance for my life. For beings that are self-aware in the way that we are, awareness discloses their living as a project instead of just as a series of events of which they are subjectively aware.
The criterion for attributing such a quality will be pragmatic. It is of use in aiding our understanding to attribute intentionality to living things. I do not believe that it aids our understanding to attribute it to inert things. I argue in chapter four that it is not necessary to attribute it to matter because it is not true that, unless we did so, we would not be able to make sense of the emergence of life. Therefore there is no need to posit a continuity between the organic and inorganic spheres based on the putative presence of intentionality in both.
The latter system can be described, without metaphor, using such terms as “looking for,” “playing,” “hiding,” “(purposively) wagging,” “begging,” “wanting,” and so on. A dog is an intentional system. A human being is an intentional system. And a mosquito is an intentional system. We might think of a 28 LIFE, DEATH, AND SUBJECTIVITY flower that opens its petals to the sun and follows the sun as it moves across its trajectory in the sky as a borderline case. Is it a “blind” system whose behavior is simply caused by the sun and by its own constitution to move in that way, or does it “seek” the sun’s light and warmth?
Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII: Symposium Aristotelicum (Bk. 7) by Carlo Natali