By A. Forster
Within the post-Cold conflict period, ecu militaries are engaged in an ongoing edition that's tough family among defense force and the societies that they serve. This publication bargains an leading edge conceptual framework to significantly overview modern civil-military family around the continent of Europe. It analyzes 8 key matters in militia and society relatives, to discover the dimensions and depth of those adjustments.
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Within the post-Cold struggle period, ecu militaries are engaged in an ongoing variation that's not easy kin among militia and the societies that they serve. This ebook deals an leading edge conceptual framework to severely review modern civil-military kinfolk around the continent of Europe.
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Additional info for Armed Forces and Society in Europe (Palgrave Texts in International Relations)
Service personnel and the military as an organisation and branches within it can exercise influence in three ways: through influence, blackmail and displacement (Finer, 1962; Strachan, 1997: 8). This is important because it is clearly a key tenet of democratic civilian control that a state’s armed forces should confine themselves to implementing the decisions made principally in the fields of defence and foreign policy by democratically elected civil authorities; in practice the situation is rather more complex.
It is therefore argued that professional armed forces are characterised by four core factors: roles clearly defined by government and widely accepted by the armed forces and their societies; development of the expertise necessary to fulfil these functions effectively and efficiently; clear rules governing the responsibilities of the military as an institution and the responsibilities of individual soldiers; and promotion based on 44 Armed Forces and Society in Europe merit. Professionalisation is thus a form of policy adaptation whereby roles are defined or redefined, and force structures and standards are reformed and developed to enable appropriate goals to be delivered (Forster, Edmunds and Cottey, 2002: 14).
2 To analyse military reform of armed forces in Europe, this chapter uses the concept of professionalisation, defining this as a set of processes whereby armed forces become closer to the type of forces that governments want. Having set out a framework for approaching the concept, the chapter goes on to consider whether and how European states are attempting to develop different types of armed forces to meet contemporary security challenges against the backdrop of a growing expectations–capabilities gap, characterised by a greater sense of risk within society, with increased demands made of militaries by governments on the one hand, and the amount of resources societies and governments are willing to assign to defence on the other.
Armed Forces and Society in Europe (Palgrave Texts in International Relations) by A. Forster