By E. Friedman, B. Gilley
This edited quantity reconsiders the traditional knowledge that argues that the comparative functionality of China has been greater to that of India, bringing jointly new paradigms for comparing international locations by way of economics, social coverage, politics, and international relations. Essays convey that if no longer outright fallacious, traditional knowledge has confirmed to be overly simplified. The ebook brings out the complexity and richness of the India-China comparability.
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Extra resources for Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India
India’s poor record in Punjab and Kashmir and China’s poor record in Tibet and Xinjiang is pretty much a toss-up—in both places officials and police act with impunity and people are killed and tortured regularly. Overall, then, on any standardized measure, there are grave doubts that group violence would be rated worse in India than in China. Of course, to be of value as ends unto themselves, rights and freedoms have to be realized in everyday life rather than merely on paper. Any political philosopher will admit that basic liberties are not worth much if they exist within an environment of lawlessness, corruption, and poverty.
In comparative perspective, China has many factors working in favor of a smooth democratization: national cohesion among the Han peoples who make up 91 percent of the population, an emergent rule of law and civil society, an institutionalized state. But other factors work against it: secessionist regions in Tibet and Xinjiang and Taiwan, little experience with elections, yawning income inequalities, and corruption. A middle-range prediction would be then that China’s passage to democracy will be turbulent but ultimately successful (Gilley 2004a).
If so, then the true costs of dictatorship in China may appear in retrospect much larger than was first imagined. The contrasting poles of Chinese-style coercion and Indian-style gradualism force us to consider the ends of government, and the tradeoffs among valued moral goods like income, welfare, participation, rights, and procedural justice. Too often, these tradeoffs have been ignored by scholars, or just assumed away. The two countries offer contrasting passages to modernity that highlight the most salient issues for anyone concerned with development.
Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India by E. Friedman, B. Gilley