By Jerrold Brandell, Shoshana Ringel
Modern attachment thought either enriches our realizing of human improvement and informs scientific perform. It examines the relational bonds among children and their caregivers and strains its origins to numerous medical and social fields, such a lot particularly psychoanalysis, social paintings, behaviorism, ethology, evolutionary thought, and biology.The first section of this booklet examines attachment thought and its courting to different psychodynamic theories of improvement, from Sigmund Freud to Heinz Kohut, after which discusses the landmark contributions of John Bowlby, the "father" of recent attachment concept. The part concludes with a close precis of analysis on attachment, highlighting the paintings of Mary Ainsworth, Mary major, Allan Sroufe, and Peter Fonagy.The moment component makes a speciality of scientific functions with baby, adolescent, and grownup purchaser populations. short vignettes and lengthier case illustrations ponder a number of attachment issues and therapy techniques, paying exact awareness to medical process and approach, strategy dimensions, and transference and countertransference phenomena. circumstances are set in various therapy venues, reminiscent of collage and family members counseling companies, neighborhood psychological healthiness facilities, and personal perform, and contain consumers of numerous ethnocultural backgrounds and sexual orientations.Researchers have proven that kid's bonds with their caregivers are rooted in mental in addition to organic factors and feature profound results on later character improvement. Attachment and Dynamic perform bargains a transparent and obtainable creation to attachment thought and examine, linking the sphere to a vast diversity of scientific occasions and psychodynamic versions.
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Extra info for Attachment and Dynamic Practice: An Integrative Guide for Social Workers and Other Clinicians
In his work with such patients, Balint experimented with various clinical approaches that were intended to “recapture missed developmental opportunities” as well as to reclaim dissociated parts of the self (Mitchell & Black, 1995, p. 136). Balint’s interest in the relationship of early experiences with the primary objects to a child’s characteristic ways of managing anxiety led him to hy pothesize two basic defensive strategies, philobatism and ocnophilism. Philo batism, writes Balint, is intended to characterize the “pleasure and activities” derived from reliance on one’s own skills and resources in a situation involv ing a basic threat to one’s sense of security (Balint, 1959).
In fact, Suttie asserts that specific disturbances in maternal character-formation can be linked to the infant’s development of later psychopathology: “fixation[s], regressions, depressions, jealousies and antagonisms,” which, in turn, constitute the basis for mental illness. Psycho therapy represents an attempt to reduce the dislocations of such thwarted at tachments—the infant’s “love life”—and to “free interest for social purposes” (Suttie, 1935, p. 259). Imre Hermann, much like his colleague Michael Balint, was powerfully influenced by Ferenczi’s ideas.
Although Freud and Klein both adhered to the genetic perspective—that one’s earliest experiences shaped subsequent development—neither they nor their followers seemed interested in examining early relationships. This shift came about after Freud abandoned his “seduction theory” and chose to develop the structural theory of the mind instead, privileging fantasies and internal psychic structures over real experiences in the social environment. Bowlby, in contrast, gradually moved away from the psychoanalytic theories of his time.
Attachment and Dynamic Practice: An Integrative Guide for Social Workers and Other Clinicians by Jerrold Brandell, Shoshana Ringel