By Craig Calhoun
Craig Calhoun, essentially the most revered social scientists on the planet, re-examines nationalism in mild of post-1989 enthusiasm for globalization and the hot anxieties of the twenty-first century. countries topic argues that pursuing a merely postnational politics is untimely at top and doubtless harmful. Calhoun argues that, instead of wishing nationalism away, you will need to rework it. One secret is to tell apart the ideology of nationalism as mounted and inherited identification from the improvement of public tasks that regularly remake the phrases of nationwide integration. typical recommendations like 'civic' vs. 'ethnic' nationalism can get within the manner except they're severely re-examined – as a huge bankruptcy during this ebook does. This e-book is key analyzing for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of sociology, heritage, political idea and all topics serious about nationalism, globalization, and cosmopolitanism.
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Extra info for Nations Matter: Citizenship, Solidarity and the Cosmopolitan Dream
14 Jürgen Habermas also responded to the same social changes that were making it hard to presume nation-states as the automatic contexts for democracy, rights, or political order. His reflections were informed not only by German and global affairs, but by the project of European integration. 16 Habermas insists that within all modern societies, and even more in international amalgamations such as the European Union, there will necessarily be multiple different substantive conceptions of the good life, and these will often be associated with different social groups (though he does not stress the latter point).
When Slovenia and Croatia announced their independence from the former Yugoslavia, the United States (and Germany, leading the European powers) immediately recognized their sovereignty. When Bosnia-Herzegovina did the same, recognition was withheld – apparently on the grounds that it did not represent a “real nation,” despite a longer history of territorial integrity and civic life, including 500 years of peace. Why not? Because it was explicitly multiethnic and multireligious. So, to summarize and move on, lest I become too enmeshed in my European story, doctrines of nationalism long included the notion of the equivalence of each nation – at least each “real” or “historical” nation (and debates over what to do about “nationalities” that fell short of that constitute another story).
This was seen as original while the ethnic was copied; as “Western” while the ethnic was “Eastern”; and as rational while the ethnic was emotional or sentimental. More recently, Jürgen Habermas (among others) has retheorized civic nationalism as constitutional patriotism. 34 Ethnic nationalism, conversely, refers precisely to rooting political identity and obligation in the existence of a prepolitical collective unit – the nation – which achieves political subjectivity by virtue of the state. The legitimacy of the state, in turn, is judged by reference to the interests of the nation.
Nations Matter: Citizenship, Solidarity and the Cosmopolitan Dream by Craig Calhoun