By Stephen Darwall
Why is ethics a part of philosophy? Stephen Darwall’s Philosophical Ethics introduces scholars to ethics from a distinctively philosophical point of view, one who weaves jointly relevant moral questions equivalent to “What has value?” and “What are our ethical obligations?” with basic philosophical matters corresponding to “What is value?” and “What can an ethical legal responsibility consist in?”With one eye on modern discussions and one other on classical texts, Philosophical Ethics exhibits how Hobbes, Mill, Kant, Aristotle, and Nietzsche all did moral philosophy—how, for instance, they sought to realize perception into what has price via figuring out what price itself is. After an introductory part, and one on major methods to metaethics, chapters talk about “modern” philosophical moralists—Hobbes, Mill, and Kant—and pre- and postmodern philosophical methods to ethics in Aristotle, Nietzsche, and the ethics of care.Throughout, the reader is invited to do—rather than simply learn about—philosophical ethics and, in doing so, to imagine via questions that face all considerate people. issues comprise the character of price and ethical legal responsibility, freedom and selection, human flourishing, excellence and advantage, radical reviews of morality, and the significance of relationships for human lifestyles.
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Extra info for Philosophical Ethics: An Historical And Contemporary Introduction (Dimensions of Philosophy Series)
Burke seems to say that the motive for sympathetic action must come from learning the work of truth and constancy that is becoming to one’s own dignity. It is not a question of what I owe to the sufferer but of what I owe to myself. A usual mistake of imagination—especially when heated by ambition—is to think of other people as moral objects while regarding oneself as a moral actor. Burke’s deep intimation is that the momentum of commerce, the insolence of power, and an empire’s appetite can only be checked if the rulers of Britain now resolve on what they will not permit themselves to do.
Notice that “moral imagination,” as Burke here uses the phrase, is an entirely conventional process. “All the superadded ideas, furnished from the wardrobe of a moral imagination”—the wardrobe furnishes habitual ideas that, item by item as they are picked out and worn, protect our shivering nature and make us know our duties. I exhibit a moral imagination when I act rightly by my selection from a pre-existing array of approved habits. There is nothing original or individual about moral imagination on this view.
All these things show the difficulty of the work we have on hand: but they show its necessity too. Our Indian government is in its best state a grievance. It is necessary that the correctives should be uncommonly vigorous; and the work of men, sanguine, warm, and even impassioned in the cause. But it is an arduous thing to plead against abuses of a power which originates from your own country, and affects those whom we are used to consider as strangers. Here, the test of the justice of a moral imagination turns out to be justice to a stranger.
Philosophical Ethics: An Historical And Contemporary Introduction (Dimensions of Philosophy Series) by Stephen Darwall