By Rick Nouwen, Robert van Rooij, Uli Sauerland, Hans-Christian Schmitz
This e-book constitutes the complaints of the foreign Workshop on Vagueness in communique, VIC 2009, held as a part of ESSLLI 2009, in Bordeaux, France, July 20-24, 2009.
The eleven contributions awarded shed a gentle on new facets within the quarter of vagueness in typical language verbal exchange. not like the classical tools of facing vagueness - like multi-valued logics, fact worth gaps or gluts, or supervaluations - this quantity provides new techniques like context-sensitivity of vagueness, the polishing of obscure predicates in context, and the modeling of precision levels.
Read Online or Download Vagueness in Communication: International Workshop, ViC 2009, held as part of ESSLLI 2009, Bordeaux, France, July 20-24, 2009. Revised Selected Papers PDF
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This publication constitutes the lawsuits of the foreign Workshop on Vagueness in communique, VIC 2009, held as a part of ESSLLI 2009, in Bordeaux, France, July 20-24, 2009. The eleven contributions awarded shed a mild on new facets within the sector of vagueness in average language conversation. not like the classical tools of facing vagueness - like multi-valued logics, fact worth gaps or gluts, or supervaluations - this quantity offers new methods like context-sensitivity of vagueness, the sprucing of obscure predicates in context, and the modeling of precision degrees.
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Additional resources for Vagueness in Communication: International Workshop, ViC 2009, held as part of ESSLLI 2009, Bordeaux, France, July 20-24, 2009. Revised Selected Papers
Of ‘False’ responses to ‘X is not tall’ It is the diﬀerence between these sets of answers that is problematic for the BOVW account. 8 In classical logic, the statement ‘a is tall’ is true just in case its negation, ‘a is not tall’, is not true, and vice versa. But in a gap theory like supervaluations, the statement ‘a is tall’ is true if it is supertrue, and otherwise it is not true. The prediction, then, is that if a is borderline, the statement ‘a is tall’ is judged false more frequently than its negation ‘a is not tall’ is judged true, the reason being that the latter statement only holds if it is supertrue, which would not be the case if a was borderline.
Potts’s argument rests on the notion that amongst the possible ways to interpret an adjective related to a scalar endpoint, the most strict one stands out as a so-called Schelling point, making it initially (at least marginally) more likely to be selected than other ways. The extent to which this is so is what he refers to as the strength of the “Schelling assumption”. Insofar as the Schelling assumption is fairly weak, I will not argue against it here. He then combines the Schelling assumption with evolutionary game theory, arguing that even a slight preference will result in strict interpretation becoming standard.
The data, as shown in Figs. 2–5, conﬁrms the preference for ‘False’ responses. 1% thought it was false that he was not tall. 7% thought it was false that he was tall. Both comparisons show that a signiﬁcantly bigger sample of participants rejected the statement ‘#2 is tall’ (or ‘not tall’) when compared to the sample of those who accepted the classical negation of each statement. BOVW might claim that this could as easily be taken as support for their epistemic hypothesis. Recall that BOVW assume that errors of commission are considered by their participants to be graver than errors of omission.
Vagueness in Communication: International Workshop, ViC 2009, held as part of ESSLLI 2009, Bordeaux, France, July 20-24, 2009. Revised Selected Papers by Rick Nouwen, Robert van Rooij, Uli Sauerland, Hans-Christian Schmitz